# 参考资料

1. Frenkel, Daan, and Berend Smit. Understanding molecular simulation: from algorithms to applications. Vol. 1. Elsevier, 2001.
2. Thermodynamic integration. Wikipedia (2018.5) （援引 J Kästner; et al. 文章，称：Umbrella sampling is a related free energy method. It adds a bias to the potential energy. In the limit of an infinite strong bias it is equivalent to thermodynamic integration.）
3. Zhang, Kai, and Patrick Charbonneau. “Monte Carlo approach for studying microphases applied to the axial next-nearest-neighbor Ising and the Ising-Coulomb models.” Physical Review B 83.21 (2011): 214303.